Energy Technology Systems Analysis Program

Global

ETSAP-TIAM (TIMES Integrated Assessment Model)

Coverage

Global, 15 regions – Africa, Australia-New Zealand, Canada, Central and South America, China, European Union+, Central Asia Caucasus, Other Eastern Europe, Russian Federation, India, Japan, Mexico, Middle-East, Other Developing Asia, South Korea, United States. 2100 is the time horizon.

Responsible

The starting version of the model was developed by the Canadian team – Richard Loulou, Maryse Labriet, Amit Kanudia – while working at GERAD (1999-2000). The seed of TIAM was embodied in the initial version of the global models developed by US-EIA (SAGE), IEA (ETP) and EFDA.

Description

TIAM comprises several thousand technologies in all sectors of the energy system. It is characterized by several technical and economic parameters and by emission coefficients for the three main GHG’s: CO2, CH4, and N2O. The following new features have been added to TIMES: linearised climate equations; multi-stage stochastic programming; new formulation for the forcing equation (linear approximation of forcing), allowing greater flexibility and power to the ETSAP-TIAM; and the possibility of binding each and every component of the cost objective function.


  • Basic Documentation

  • Papers and Presentations

  • ETP Energy Technology Perspectives MARKAL Model

    Coverage

    Global, 15 regions, 2050 is the time horizon.

    Responsible

    International Energy Agency, Energy Technology Office,(IEA/ETO)
    GIELEN Dolf

    Web link

    http://www.iea.org

    Description

    The model’s detailed representation of technology options includes about 1 000 individual technologies. The ETP model has been supplemented with detailed demand-side models for all major end-uses in the industry, buildings and transport sectors. These models were developed to assess the effects of policies that do not primarily act on price. These demand-side models explicitly take into account capital-stock turnover and have been used to model the impact of new technologies as they penetrate the market over time.


    System for the Analysis of Global Energy markets (SAGE)

    Coverage

    Global, 16 regions, MARKAL time stepped (myopic), till 2050.

    Responsible

    Energy Information Administration (US-DOE)

    Web link

    http://www.eia.doe.gov/

    Description

    SAGE is used to project energy use in detail at the enduse sector level. It is an integrated set of regional models that provide a technology-rich basis for estimating regional energy consumption. For each region, reference case estimates of 42 end-use energy service demands (e.g., car, commercial truck, and heavy truck road travel; residential lighting; steam heat requirements in the paper industry) are developed on the basis of economic and demographic projections. Projections of energy consumption to meet the energy demands are estimated on the basis of each region’s existing energy use patterns, the existing stock of energy-using equipment, and the characteristics of available new technologies, as well as new sources of primary energy supply.


    EFDA-TIMES

    Coverage

    Global, 15 regions, 2100 is the time horizon.

    Responsible

    European Fusion Development Agreement, Technical Support Unit, Garching bei Muenchen, Germany, Christian Eherer

    Web link

    http://www.efda.org

    Description

    The model, similar to previous ones, is used to study possible markets of fusion energy, and cost goal in order to make it competitive in some country/ region under selective scenario assumptions.

    IEA-ETSAP