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Regional

A Pan-European TIMES model has been developed and expanded in a number of EU funded projects. Twenty eight country models are linked in an EU wide model taking into account the main energy – environmental policies at national level. The reference energy technology database includes a fairly complete set of technologies and a set of default technological and economical parameters for Europe.

The JRC-EU-TIMES model for assessing the long-term role of energy technologies

The JRC-EU-TIMES model aims to analyse the role of energy technologies and their interaction for meeting European energy and climate change policy targets. The model represents the energy system of each EU Member State and neighbouring countries. It produces projections (or scenarios) of the EU energy system showing its evolution up to 2060 under different sets of specific technology and policy assumptions and constraints.

The main role of JRC-EU-TIMES is the anticipation and evaluation of technology policy. The baseline scenario of JRC-EU-TIMES is always aligned to the latest EU reference scenario. The model can be used to assess which technological improvements are needed to make technologies competitive under various low-carbon energy scenarios.

More information on the JRC's Science Hub website:

Pan European TIMES model of the New Energy Externalities Developments for Sustainability (NEEDS) project

Coverage 28 European states, till 2050
Responsible EC-DGR (FP6) / Andrea Ricci (ISIS) is responsible of the NEEDS project.
Web link http://www.needs-project.org
Description The 28 country models take into account the main energy – environmental policies at national level. The reference energy technology database includes a fairly complete set of technologies and a set of default technological and economical parameters for Europe.

Other models and applications:

  • Jussi Makela: Development of an Energy System Model of the Nordic Electricity Production System, Thesis, Hlesinki University of Technology, 2000 [Download]
  • Thomas Alfstad: "Development of a least cost energy supply model for the Southern African Development Community region", Thesis, University of Cape Town, Jan 2005. [Download]

ETSAP Applications