Post-Kyoto. Recent ECN studies

  1. Post-Kyoto. The impact on Climate Policy in the European Union
    D.J. Gielen, P.R. Koutstaal, T. Kram, S.N.M. van Rooijen
    Based on results of systems engineering models like MARKAL, the consequences of four allocation schemes of the 8% emission reduction goal to individual countries in the European Union is quantified. The analysis suggests that the distrubution agreed upon in Summer 1998 results in high costs in some countries.
    Full paper available in: PDF format (128 kbytes).

  2. The Role of Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases in Meeting Kyoto Targets
    D.J. Gielen, T. Kram
    Preliminary analysis indicates that careful consideration of non-CO2 greenhouse gas emissions and sinks from a variety of sources as provided in the Kyoto Protocol is warranted. Sources, projections, abatement options and uncertainties in these estimations are investigated in support of Post-Kyoto assessments of burden sharing in the European Union. Despite large uncertainties, evidence is given that in particular methane, nitrous oxide and hydrofluorocarbons play a significant role in meeting Kyoto targets by EU member states. Their emission reduction is forecast to contribute one quarter to the total emission reduction in 2010, given the emission reduction goals of individual European countries.
    Full paper available in: PDF format (59 kbytes).